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  • Foto do escritor PAULO ROSSETTI

Divisão da crista óssea e dois implantes dentários simultaneamente: achados radiográficos

Atualizado: há 6 dias

Stability and Crestal Bone behavior Following Simultaneous Placement of Multiple Dental Implants (Two or More) with the Bone Splitting Technique: A Clinical and Radiographic Evaluation

Sergio Alexandre Gehrke

José Eduardo Maté Sánchez de Val

Maria Piedad Ramírez Fernández

Jamil Awad Shibli

Paulo Henrique Orlato Rossetti

José Luis Calvo Guirado

Purpose: The present study aimed to measure the implant stability quotient (ISQ) values at three different time points after surgical procedures and crestal bone behavior in multiple implants (two or more) installed simultaneously with the bone splitting technique.

Materials and methods: For this study, 45 patients with different edentulous areas in the maxilla were selected, and a total of 114 dental implants were installed. Implant stability was measured by resonance frequency analysis immediately following implant placement to assess immediate stability (time 1) and stability at 90 days (time 2), and 150 days (time 3). Crestal bone height was measured in peri-apical radiographs at 90 and 150 days after implantation in relation to each implant shoulder, given that the implants were installed at the level of the crestal bone.

Results: Six implants were not osseointegrated. Overall, the means and standard deviations of the ISQ values were 60.3 ± 4.94 (95% confidence interval [CI], 44-69) at baseline, 66.6 ± 5.28 (95% CI, 49-75) at 90 days, and 72.1 ± 4.28 (95% CI, 59-79) at 150 days (p < 0.0001). The mean marginal bone loss of the implants was 1.11 ± 0.61 mm on the mesial side and 1.17 ± 0.61 mm on the distal side at time 2, and 1.73 ± 0.68 mm on the mesial side and 1.79 ± 0.70 mm on the distal side at time 3. A strong positive correlation between implant stability and bone loss was detected (p < 0.0001).

Conclusions: Within the limits of this study, the bone splitting technique with simultaneous implant installation exhibited a good success rate with respect to the osseointegration index but requires attention with respect to crestal bone behavior.

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